Apple’s latest patent – Z-depth in Final Cut Pro X – looks to introduce light field technology to the world of video editing.Apple just recently filed a patent for a new Z-depth image segmentation workspace inside FCPX. The patent was non-specific about the way in which Apple is looking to implement the technology into their high-end editing software, but the implications are huge for the future of video editing.Z-Depth/Light-Field TechnologyZ-Depth mapping is an incredibly important imaging technology that is currently limited to still photos only for consumers. In a nutshell, z-depth relates to the physical distance between the camera and the objects it’s shooting. To capture images with z-depth data, users have to use a special device called a light field camera.A light field camera is different from a traditional digital camera because, in addition to capturing light, it can record where the light is coming from and how far the source of the light is for each pixel. There have already been some pretty significant advancements in this technology.Notably the new Lytro ILLUM which allows users to take a picture and then focus in post. Here’s a quick demo of how this technology works:You can actually buy a Lytro ILLUM for $1,299 online. However, no such technology is available for video, at least not yet. This is where Apple’s patent comes into play. With the acquisition of LinX Imaging and PrimeSense, Apple is likely trying to prepare their high-end editing platform for the inevitable day when light field video hits the market. Photo via Patently AppleApple’s patent is specifically for a technology to take the information from a light field camera and break it down into separate layers across z-space. To visualize depth, Apple has patented a new version of a histogram that will display depth information along a graph.ImplicationsAdjustable FocusThere are huge implications to having access to z-depth information. Notably, if users shoot their video using a light field camera they could potentially change the focus of their video in post-production. Didn’t nail focus correctly on set? Don’t worry – you can literally fix it in post. Apple’s patent features what looks like a slider-based depth control which could be used to adjust focus with ease.Customizable Depth of FieldIt’s also rumored that users will be able to change the size of the depth of field in post. This could have great implications for filmmaking, as you can pin-point exactly how large your depth of field needs to be by adjusting a simple slider. In addition, users would gain control over the size and potentially shape of their bokeh using such technology.Easy KeyingIn terms of keying and rotoscoping, the addition of Z-Depth technology into editing softwares, not just FCPX, would mean users could key out a subject based on position in relation to the camera, not just color. So if your subject was 4 feet away and the background was 10 feet, you could hypothetically just erase anything further than 5 feet away. This technology could replace green screens ,and it seems like Apple’s patent is hinting that FCPX will gain this ability.Simplified CompositingThis technology could also have huge implications for the compositing world, as footage with depth information already stored inside could be easily integrated into 3D modeling and compositing softwares. While FCPX isn’t an ideal software for compositing, it’s safe to assume that other softwares will be getting similar light-field technology very soon.When will we see this technology?It’s hard to say when we can expect to see this technology inside of FCPX, especially considering light field cameras aren’t video-ready yet. If and when this technology does hit, we can expect there to be a huge demand for such control, especially in the professional filmmaking world. Currently light field video cameras are only available in laboratory settings.Want to learn more about light-field cameras and z-depth mapping? Check out a few of these resources:Apple to Bring Z Depth Mapping to Final Cut Pro X – Patently AppleHigh-Speed 3D Light Field Video Cameras – RaytrixLight-Field Camera – WikipediaWhat do you think of this new technology? Could it revolutionize the film/video industry? Share your thoughts in the comments below.
LightingYou’ll likely be working in a confined space, perhaps from your desk, so you’re not going to have a lot of room for lights like you would on a film set. Luckily, you don’t need that many lights — perhaps only one.Often, I see new vloggers using a LED ring light. This is a good choice; however, depending on the size and position of the ring light, you can get one of two results.With a larger ring light, the light is more radial and spreads in an even circle across the subject. Light will also reach some areas of the background, depending on the distance between the subject and the background.Image via Wistia.However, if you opt for a smaller LED ring light (one that fits around the lens instead of the camera itself), it produces a small radius of hard light, and as a result, the light is now more defined, and the ring light will reflect in the eye of the vlogger. While this look works perfectly in certain circumstances like makeup tutorials or night club photography, I believe it’s too distracting for general vlogging.As a side note, it’s important to know that a large LED ring light will also give you a ring catch light if it’s within close proximity to you. The further away the light is, the more the catch light will become a small blip instead of a noticeable ring.If an LED ring light is too expensive, you can also use paper lanterns that cost next to nothing. Philip Defranco uses two of these to light his very successful YouTube channel.Image via Philip DeFranco.Compositional DepthThis is one of the most important factors, and it is completely free. Let’s say that, right now, you can’t get any of the aforementioned equipment. You can still make your vlogs stand out by making sure there is depth within your image.Image via Casey Neistat.If you’re sitting on your couch, and all we can see is the back of the sofa and the wall, the image is inherently flat. If you’re sitting a few feet away from your couch, and the background is out of focus, the image becomes more interesting. Vlogs are taking over online content. Here’s how to get yours started.Vlogging has become big business for some filmmakers; there are YouTubers who make more money than Hollywood actors and directors combined, and they get sponsorship deals from some of the biggest brands on the planet. This guide will help you create stand-out vlogs in the torrent of existing channels.SoundSound is often the most important aspect of a film. You can get away with bad visuals but not bad audio. However, this is a YouTube vlog and not a feature production. That means you have a bit of leeway. Nonetheless, you still want your audio to sound more professional than the next vlogger. If you come from a filmmaking background, you may already have a shotgun microphone in your kit.These microphones are perfect for capturing dialogue on set, but they’re not ideal for vlogging. This is because a shotgun microphone has a small polar pattern, and you need to speak in the direction of the microphone for precise audio. Without a boom operator, you’re going to need to remain stationary. If you’re in front of the microphone but you need to move to the side to pick something up, your dialogue is going to drop out dramatically.However, if you plan to sit still throughout the entire vlog, perhaps in a style similar to filmmaking educator Dave Dugdale, you can still use a shotgun mic. You can just position the microphone nearby for a nice, clean pickup. Since this is a vlog, it doesn’t matter that the microphone is in the shot.If you don’t come from a filmmaking background, and you want to purchase your very first shotgun microphone, you can stay budget-friendly with the Rode Videomic. YouTuber Sean Cannell for THINK Media TV breaks down why he thinks it’s a great shotgun microphone for YouTube in the following video.You can also add production value to vlog by including music. You can either stick to one theme, or license a number of different songs for each topic you cover. Music is great during transitions, and it really improves your intros and outros.Microphone AccessoriesIf you’re working in a small space, it’s not always possible to add a large boom stand for your mic. Instead, you can use a microphone desk arm and clamp. You just clamp the bottom of the stand to the desk, extend the arm to the necessary position, and attach your microphone to the mount. I like to use a shock mount since I’m in such a small space where there’s a greater chance of accidentally bumping my microphone. A shock mount keeps this from ruining my audio.If you have a shotgun microphone, it likely came with foam wind protector. You can use this as a makeshift pop filter, but I recommend that you purchase an actual pop filter as soon as you can.VisualsThe camera, in all honesty, isn’t necessarily the most import piece of vlogging equipment. Vlogging cameras can range from an iPhone to a compact camera like the Panasonic Lumix DMC-LX15 to a mirrorless camera such as Sony a7s. Some vloggers use DSLRs like the 5D Mk III. Casey Neistat, arguably the biggest vlogger on the planet, is currently using the GH5.When it comes to mirrorless and DSLR cameras, the most important factor will be your lens. This will directly affect how you appear to your audience. For example, standing near a camera with a wide-angle lens will distort your appearance.Likewise, a longer focal length will eliminate a lot of facial definition and make you appear flat. Instead, you want to use a 35-50mm lens. This is going give you a somewhat-correct proportional representation, and these lenses are typically fast, so you can use low light if you need to. Whether you’re looking to share unique filmmaking tips or simply your thoughts, vlogging can be the outlet you’re looking for. For more vlogging tips, check out this PremiumBeat article.Do you have any vlogging tips? Let us know in the comments.
Are you seeing a random single frame of the “Media Pending” error screen on your Premiere timeline? Here are some really quick ways to fix the problem.In the last couple of Premiere releases, I’ve often encountered a strange bug: after pre-rendering my timeline, there is one single frame of a “media pending” error flashing up at random places in the timeline.This occurs more often with particularly render-intensive timelines, especially ones with multiple nested sequences or dynamically linked AE compositions. As someone who habitually pre-renders my timeline so I don’t have laggy playback, this bug has been plaguing my recent edits. So, I spent some time finding the best ways to fix it.While I haven’t been able to figure out specifically what’s causing the issue, with enough poking around, I found a couple of reliable solutions. If this error has been bothering you, too, here’s how to fix it.Disable Then Re-EnableAfter testing some different methods, the most reliable way to fix the issue has been the following:Select your entire sequence — either by clicking and dragging, or, with your timeline tab selected, hit Command+A to select all.Right-click on a piece of footage or audio in your timeline, and select “enable” — this will disable all of the media on your timeline.Now, right-click in that same spot, and click “enable” again. This will bring everything back to normal and re-enable your clips.The only difference is that all of the media pending errors will be gone.Yep, that’s right — “Have you tried turning it off and on again?” is still a viable solution for most problems.Add a CutAnother really simple way to fix the problem is to locate the clip that is giving you the trouble. As I said before, this is usually a nested sequence or dynamically linked graphic from After Effects. Now just add a cut.That’s it. Just make a cut somewhere in that specific clip. This will also usually fix the “pending media” error.Add One FrameThis is definitely a last-resort solution, since it will require you to alter your edit. If the other two approaches don’t work, I’ve found that extending the problem-causing clip by one frame at either the beginning or the end will fix the issue.Like I said, I’m still not completely sure what causes this issue, but it has been consistently occurring for me across multiple machines and multiple Premiere versions, so I’m assuming some of you have run across the issue as well.It seems that forcing Premiere to look for the assets again in some fashion fixes the problem. Why? Beats me.Looking for more Premiere tips and tricks? Check these out.Working with High Frame Rate Proxies in Adobe Premiere ProThe 3 Easiest Ways to Cut Clips in Adobe Premiere Pro CCRoundup: 5 Awesome Editing Effects in Adobe Premiere ProGet Better Results Using LUTs with Lumetri Color in Premiere ProIsolating Image Channels to Work with Chroma and Luma in Premiere
Essential Reading! Get my 2nd book: The Lost Art of Closing “In The Lost Art of Closing, Anthony proves that the final commitment can actually be one of the easiest parts of the sales process—if you’ve set it up properly with other commitments that have to happen long before the close. The key is to lead customers through a series of necessary steps designed to prevent a purchase stall.” Buy Now You’re using social media tools to look at your prospective clients. You’re using things like LinkedIn, Twitter, and Facebook to get an understanding of who your prospective client really is, what they’re thinking about, and how you might make a connection. And that’s all well and good; you should be doing those things.But while you’re using the social tools to research your prospects, it’s important to remember that this channel works both directions. You’re looking at your prospective clients, and they’re looking back at you.When you send that LinkedIn connection request to your prospective client, they’re pulling up your profile to review it before they accept. They’re trying to get some understanding as to why you want to connect with them, what you want from them, and how you might be valuable.They’re looking at your picture. They’re checking out your headline and your job title. They’re looking at who else you’re connected to. And they’re looking at your recommendations. If your connection invite indicated that you share a group, they’re looking at what groups you belong too. They’re researching you.Your LinkedIn profile, your Twitter feed, your Facebook page (and all your other social tools) are your own personal About page.What does your About page say about you? Does it indicate that you’ve got business acumen and deep situational knowledge? Does it indicate that you’re a value creator with the ability to help your perspective client improve their business? Does it give them some indication of your past successes and what your great interests are? Or is it really an incomplete resume?You’re looking at your prospective clients. And they’re looking back. What do you want them to see?
Essential Reading! Get my 3rd book: Eat Their Lunch “The first ever playbook for B2B salespeople on how to win clients and customers who are already being serviced by your competition.” Buy Now Despite how common it is, of the toughest challenges a sales person (or sales organization) can face is having a product or service with the same cost basis as their competitor’s. You each pay the same price for the component parts that make up what you sell, whatever that may be. The difficulty is caused by the fact that your prospective clients know that your cost basis is the same, resulting in a lot of pressure on your pricing.Costs + The Value You AddBut the difference between your price and your competitor’s price is only one thing: the difference in the value that you add. Your price is X plus the value that you add. Your competitor’s prices is X plus the value that they add.Your job as a sales person (or as a sales organization) is to focus on creating the value that makes you worth paying more to obtain.This doesn’t mean that it’s ever easy to compete in this situation. But it does mean that some of your competitors will choose to subtract value in order to capture market share. Instead of trying to be best-in-class, world-class, or exceptional in any way, these sales organizations will subtract value in an attempt to be just good enough. They treat their offering as if it’s a commodity, and so some segment of your market (probably too larges a segment) will choose to believe that you sell as a commodity.The UpsideThere is an upside to this problem. The subtraction of value creates dissatisfaction.If your prospective clients suggests that price is most important, you can test that theory by asking them if they’re willing to give up service, support, the business results they really need, or any of the things that make you a strategic partner. Invariably, mature business people will answer that all those other factors are important to them, and probably more important than price.But you will run into the rare few who will say the price is the most important factor of all. They suffer under the persistent delusion that they can have all of the things that come along with the higher price by still choosing the lowest priced provider. These dream never come true, and the people and companies by this way suffer from an equally persistent dissatisfaction. And when the pain is great enough, they mature and make the necessary investments.Your price is X plus the value you create. It has nothing to do with your competitor’s price. The case that you need to make is that you can and will create the additional value you are trying to capture.
It may take 90 days to create a habit, but it only takes one second to decide. You can decide right now to do what is going to have the greatest impact on your future, or you can decide to choose comfort.Subscribe to My YouTube Channel: http://www.youtube.com/c/iannarino_Bio: Anthony Iannarino is a bestselling author and internationally recognized speaker on sales, success, personal development, leadership, and entrepreneurship. Anthony’s 3 privately held staffing firms generate annual revenues of $50M. These firms serve some of the most well-recognized brands in the United States. Anthony speaks to and provides transformational workshops to sales organizations throughout the world.His blog, www.thesalesblog.com, is read by 60,000 people each month, and he has published there daily since 2009. His widely acclaimed Sunday newsletter reaches 80,000 people.Anthony has continually been named one of the 25 most influential people in the world in sales and marketing._Subscribe to my Sunday Newsletter for Exclusive Content: https://thesalesblog.com/newsletterRead the Daily Blog: https://thesalesblog.comListen to the In the Arena Podcast: http://apple.co/2jlSKMr_Stay Connected Online:LinkedIn: http://www.linkedin.com/in/iannarinoTwitter: http://www.twitter.com/iannarinoFacebook: http://www.facebook.com/thesalesblogInstagram: http://www.instagram.com/iannarinoSnapChat: https://www.snapchat.com/add/iannarinoSolutions Staffing: http://www.solutionsstaffing.comIannarino Fullen Group: http://www.iannarinofullen.com
The return of a handful of big banner films from Bollywood to Kashmir Valley’s picturesque locales for shooting has renewed the hopes of the tourism industry here, which has been hit by street unrest and growing militancy.Actors Abhishek Bachchan and Tapsee Pannu were in snow-laden Gulmarg in April for a shoot. Ms. Pannu uploaded videos of Gulmarg on several social media platforms, attracting interest online.Actors Salman Khan and Jacqueline Fernandez are camped in Sonamarg, another tourist hotspot, for the film Race 3. They attracted large crowds of locals to the shoot.Producer-director Mahesh Bhatt has expressed interest in shooting his forthcoming Jalebi in Kashmir. The Telugu serial Muddamandaram has been given permission to shoot in Srinagar, Gulmarg and Sonamarg, as have the shooting of songs for some Tamil films.The Tourism department has launched a single-window clearance for shooting in Kashmir. “We are doing our bit to attract filmmakers to Kashmir,” said Mahmood A. Shah, director, Jammu & Kashmir Tourism Department.
At least two persons lost their lives and more than 35, including several police personnel, were seriously injured after violent clashes between two groups in Maharashtra’s Aurangabad district on Friday night.The district administration has clamped Section 144 and suspended Internet services in the city to prevent further violence.The deceased have been identified as 62-year-old Jaganlal Bansile of the Shahaganj area and Abdul Kadri,17, who allegedly died from a gunshot wound in police firing. Mr. Bansile’s shop was among those torched by the rioters and he could not escape as he was disabled.The rioting started in the Moti Karanja area around 10 p.m. and spread to Gandhi Nagar, Raja Bazaar, Shah Ganj and Sarafa areas, forcing police to fire in the air and lob teargas shells, an official said.Corporation crackdownTensions escalated after the Aurangabad Municipal Corporation cracked down on illegal water connections in the Moti Karanja area. In the drive, a tap at a shrine belonging to a community was removed. In retaliation, members of the community destroyed the water connection at the shrine of another community.The incident resulted in clashes across the city through the night with several shops and vehicles, including police vans, being set ablaze by rioters. At least 10 policemen were injured, including Assistant Commissioner of Police (ACP) Govardhan Kolekar and in-charge of Kranti Chowk Police Station, Inspector Shrikant Paropkari, police sources said.The condition of ACP Kolekar, who was admitted to hospital after sustaining serious injuries in the stone-pelting, is said to be serious.Speaking in Pune, Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis promised stern action against those responsible for instigating the clashes while lauding police authorities for bringing a potentially explosive situation under quick control.“16-17 persons have been detained by the police in connection with the riots. We are scrutinising the footage obtained from different points in the city. The clashes were engineered by certain anti-social elements and we appeal to residents not to believe in rumours doing the rounds on Whatsapp and other social media,” said Minister of State for Home Ranjit Patil.Additional forces“The clashes soon snowballed and spread to several other areas in Aurangabad city like Shahaganj and Chelipara. There were losses on both sides, with shops of the minority as well as Hindu communities being ravaged by rioters. However, everything is under control now,” said the acting Aurangabad Commissioner of Police Milind Bharambe on Saturday.Mr. Bharambe said police units had been brought in from adjoining districts.“The riots erupted over a banal issue. I urge the city’s residents not to place faith in rumours,” Aurangabad Mayor, Nandkumar Ghodele said.
Angry over registration of cases against farmers for flouting the State government’s advisory against transplanting paddy saplings before June 20, farmer outfits in Punjab have threatened to launch an agitation against the authorities.“The government should immediately withdraw the cases registered against the farmers… The farming community is already facing economic distress and in such a scenario filing cases against them would only add to their miseries,” said Harinder Singh, general secretary of Bhartiya Kisan Union (Lakhowal).With an aim to preserve water and check the fast depleting groundwater table in the State, the Punjab government had this year asked farmers to start paddy transplantation after June 20 instead of June 15.“The government needs to understand that delay in transplanting paddy would cost the farmers dear. Delay in sowing means a delay in harvest… Paddy harvest usually takes place in October. At that time moisture starts setting in and if the harvest is delayed, the farmers would face difficulty in selling the crop due to high moisture content,” he said.Cultivation costMembers of the Bhartiya Kisan Union (Krantikari) on Wednesday staged a protest in Bathinda district against the police action against farmers transplanting paddy saplings.“We are demanding immediate withdrawal of cases against the farmers besides uninterrupted supply of at least eight-ten hours of power. Due to insufficient power supply, the farmers are forced to use generators to irrigate their fields which has increased the cost of cultivation,” said Surjit Singh, president of BKU (Krantikari).“If the government wants to implement the decision of delayed paddy sowing then it should relax the condition of 17% moisture content during the sale of crops. The moisture content limit should be increased to at least 24%,” said Mr. Singh, adding that if the government does not heed to their demands, the farmers would be forced to launch an agitation against the government.Opposition attackThe Shiromani Akali Dal has condemned the registration of cases against at least five farmers in Ferozepur for transplanting paddy before the June 20 deadline fixed by the Congress government.Former Minister and SAD leader Bikram Majithia said the government should talk to the farmers, listen to their problems and develop consensus on such issues instead of threatening them with police cases.
About 400 people would be travelling to Thailand to retrace their cultural roots and also promote trade and tourism, at a first of its kind event in Bangkok on February 9 and 10.The initiative, aimed at bridging ties between India’s northeastern region and Southeast Asia, is based on historic links snapped by political boundaries. Many communities in the northeast, such as the Ahoms and the Shyams in Assam, had migrated from the Thailand-South China-Myanmar region, centuries ago. “Apart from meetings on trade and investment, the focus is on cultural exchanges. Top scholars from the northeastern States will interact with about 20 Thai historians and academicians,” said Shyamkanu Mahanta, chief organiser of the event.
Amid reports of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and Shiv Sena reaching a consensus over seat sharing in the coming Lok Sabha elections, the Sena has said that no such agreement has been reached. “Uddhavji’s first public rally will be announced within two days and he will be speaking on the issue of an alliance there. Till then, no news about any alliance should be trusted,” said a senior Sena leader. He said that nobody other than Mr. Thackeray is allowed to speak on the issue.A senior BJP minister in the State government claimed that the real issue between two parties is no longer about the number of seats. “After the way in which the Sena has attacked the BJP, it is necessary to find a valid reason to join hands again. Until that is found, there will be no alliance as it will send wrong signals to the cadre,” he said. At present, Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis is patching things up between BJP president Amit Shah and Mr. Thackeray and later, Prime Minister Narendra Modi will be seen sharing the stage with the Sena chief, the minister said. “Seat sharing formula is not really the major concern. How to make voters accept the BJP and Sena on the same platform again, is one concern that we are working on,” he said. The Sena, on the other hand, has begun preparations for the polls and is also holding party workers’ programmes in the seats presently held by the BJP. Last week, the Sena held one such programme in Vile Parle, which falls in the Mumbai north west constituency, held presently by the BJP’s Poonam Mahajan. Yuva Sena chief Aaditya Thackeray too is on a drought tour in the interiors of Maharashtra. Mr. Uddhav Thackeray is likely to address a rally at Pachora in Jalgaon on Friday.
The State government will soon put in place a new policy on compensation for victims of hit-and-run accidents. Following recommendations from the Centre, the compensation could go up to as much as ₹2 lakh from the existing ₹25,000, which is given as solatium on the death of any person due to a hit-and-run motor accident. The sum of ₹12,500, currently given for grievous injury to a person from a hit-and-run motor accident, shall also increase proportionately or to about ₹50,000, senior officials from the State Transport Department have said. The Supreme Court had directed the State government on February 13 to consult all stakeholders and formulate a new scheme for payment of compensation in hit-and-run cases. A recent report of the Supreme Court Committee on Road Safety had said, “The committee notes that the compensation payable to hit-and-run victims is very low and that the issue of making appropriate compensation … is engaging the attention of the State government. The State must formulate a scheme to make payment of adequate compensation.” The SC accepted the committee’s recommendation on February 26. A senior official said, “Maharashtra will now have to amend the Motor Vehicles Act to make these changes. However, the new compensation by way of the policy would be given out from the day the policy is announced and later synchronised as the law changes.” Of the 1.6 lakh road fatalities reported in the country in 2016, nearly 20,000 were hit-and-run victims. According to the Road Accidents in India-2017 report prepared by the Union Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, four cities from the State — Mumbai, Pune, Nashik and Nagpur — feature in the top 50. In Mumbai, 3,160 accidents occurred in 2017, of which 467 were fatal and 2,603 were injury accidents. As many as 490 people died in these accidents, while 3,287 were injured. In Pune, of the 1,508 accidents, 360 were fatal and 966 were injury accidents. The high fatal count has already prompted the State to introduce a new policy to reduce deaths resulting from road accidents. The new Road Safety Policy was introduced last month as part of the Brasilia Declaration on Road Safety of the World Health Organisation, which has tasked Maharashtra with bringing road fatalities down to 25% of the current 13,000 deaths reported annually, said officials.
Putting all speculation to rest over Mulayam Singh’s political future, the Samajwadi Party has fielded its founder-patron from the Mainpuri seat for the 2019 Lok Sabha election.Mr. Singh had won the seat in 2014 only to vacate it as he decided to stay MP from Azamgarh, which he also won. The SP gave a list of nine candidates on Friday, including three women and three Dalits.In a bit of a surprise, the SP has fielded Dimple Yadav from Kannauj. There was speculation that Ms. Yadav, the sitting MP from the seat, would not contest this year and be replaced by her husband, SP president Akhilesh Yadav, as the party candidate from the constituency known for its perfumes and potatoes.Speculation is rife about the seat from which Mr. Akhilesh is himself likely to contest. Sources said a section of MLAs from Purvanchal were appealing to him to contest from Azamgarh.Along with Ms. Yadav, the names of two other women candidates were announced: Purvi Verma from Kheri and Usha Verma from Hardoi (reserved) seat.Sharing a picture of the three women on Twitter, Mr. Yadav said: “On the occasion of #InternationalWomensDay the Samajwadi Party reaffirms its commitment to equality for all and is proud to announce some of its women candidates for the #2019Election.”The SP is contesting 37 out of 80 seats in UP as part of the alliance with the BSP and the RLD. The BSP gets 38 while the RLD has three, all in West UP. Mr. Akhilesh’s cousin Dharmendra Yadav (sitting MP) will contest again from Baduan. Akshay Yadav, the son of Ram Gopal Yadav, SP general-secretary, will defend his seat Firozabad, which is also located in the bastion of the Yadav clan. The other candidates are Kamlesh Katharia from Etawah, Bhailal Kol from Robertsganj in Sonbhadra and Shabbir Valmiki from Bahraich; all three are reserved seats.Bahraich MP Savitri Bai Phule recently joined the Congress months after she quit the BJP and failed to join the SP.
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) says that it is treating or monitoring 75 of its Atlanta-based staff members for possible anthrax exposure. The exposure may have occurred earlier this month because “established safety practices were not followed,” the agency said in a press statement released today.“Out of an abundance of caution, CDC is taking aggressive steps to protect the health of all involved, including providing protective courses of antibiotics for potentially exposed staff,” the agency stated. “Based on most of the potential exposure scenarios, the risk of infection is very low.” Anthrax can be deadly if inhaled, with symptoms usually appearing within a few days or weeks, but widely available antibiotics can prevent illness.Some of the CDC workers were involved in “inactivating”—or rendering harmless—live samples of Bacillus anthracis bacteria in a biosafety level 3 (BSL3) laboratory for shipment to other CDC laboratories with lower biosafety levels, according to CDC. The samples were intended for studies aimed at developing new ways of detecting anthrax in environmental samples. “However, the lab used a procedure that did not adequately inactivate the samples,” according to the statement.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)The potentially infectious samples were then used by three laboratories at CDC’s Roybal campus that were not equipped to handle live anthrax. And between 6 and 13 June, lab workers used procedures that may have “aerosolized” the dangerous spores, making them easier to breathe in, investigators found. “Workers, believing the samples were inactivated, were not wearing adequate personal protective equipment while handling the material,” the agency said.The unintentional exposure was discovered on 13 June when researchers noticed live anthrax colonies growing on plates used to store and transport the samples. CDC officials then moved to decontaminate potentially contaminated areas and notify workers who had handled the plates. Investigations are continuing, and the “laboratories will be re-opened when safe to operate,” according to the statement. “Given that CDC expert protocols were not followed, disciplinary action(s) will be taken as necessary.”The incident will bring further scrutiny to CDC and other institutions that work with anthrax and other so-called select agents—dangerous toxins and organisms that are specially regulated by the federal government because of the threat they pose if engineered into a bioweapon, or accidentally escape from a laboratory. Internal whistleblowers have cited a range of problems at CDC’s secure laboratories, and in 2011 the National Academies’ National Research Council reported that select agent laboratories in the United States had 395 events between 2003 and 2009 that could have resulted in exposure to or release of an agent (but they reported just seven infections). Critics of the current select agent system have called for more stringent regulation and a reduction in the number of laboratories handling dangerous agents.BSL3 laboratories have the second strongest containment and safety features, including special air-handling systems, “glove boxes” that keep samples separate from researchers, and secured laboratories. The most stringent labs, BSL4 laboratories, also often require researchers to wear specialized “moon suits” and breathing gear that prevent potential exposures.
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In the 18th century, British colonists shipped poor peasants from India across the globe to work on sugar plantations in the Caribbean. One laborer in Trinidad decided to build a place of worship for Hindus. He ended up creating an extraordinary monument to the tenacity of the human spirit. Visitors come from far and wide to pay homage to his memory in a lovely white temple located a quarter of a mile into the Caribbean Sea.The first time I saw it, in 1986, the temple was a group of murky ruins that stuck out of the ocean like the broken teeth of a vagrant. The original structure had been buffeted by tides, breezes and neglect for half a century and seemed about to dissolve into the past. On the shore, royal palms and green fields marked the site of a sugar plantation set up by the British colonists who had ruled Trinidad till 1962.I had heard something about this temple and wanted to know more. I wandered over to the closest village, a strip of low-built, green-doored cottages where former laborers on the sugar estate lived. It was called (fittingly) Waterloo. When I started making enquiries, a middle-aged Muslim man called Ibrahim Khan seized upon me. “A man went to jail for that temple!” he spluttered. Then the story emerged.The temple was built, he related, in the late 1930s, by his Hindu neighbor, Siewdath Sadhu, a poor laborer on the sugar estate. Sadhu was born in India in 1901 in the city of Benares on the holy river Ganges.“Sadhu was not a talker,” Khan recalled. “If you and he stayed together for hours you would hardly hear him talk. You had to do all the talking. He neither smoked nor drank.”The one thing that made Sadhu noticeable was that he saved his meager wages and went back to India every few years to worship at the holy shrines there.“I once asked him why he went back so often,” said Khan. “He said he had made a promise to Bhagwan (God) to return.”But as the years passed, the cost of the trip rose. It became difficult for a laborer working for around 20 Trinidadian dollars a month to keep up this regular pilgrimage. So he decided to create a holy place in Trinidad instead, close to the shore of the calm Gulf of Paria.“I believe the sea here was like the Ganges to him,” another villager piped in.Sadhu chose a piece of unused swampland and began construction. It continued month after month.“Seven days a week he used to pass my house on his bicycle,” Khan recalled. “I used to call out to him, ‘Salaam, salaam!’ and he used to reply with a Hindu greeting, ‘Ram, Ram.’ He wasn’t the kind of man to stop and chat, you know.”When Sadhu finished his temple, it was a place of renowned beauty.“You know that flower, gaandar kapoor (marigolds)?” Khan asked me. “He planted so much of it that you could smell the temple from a distance. He planted eleven kinds of flowers, and vegetables too. And that garden used to be full of the most beautiful butterflies. All kinds of butterflies that you don’t see anywhere else. You didn’t have to be one of the Hindu faith to feel the beauty of the place.”Sadhu had finally created a place of pilgrimage for Hindus in Trinidad.“Especially for Kartik (the festival of the sea), we used to have crowds of people here,” another villager remembered. “They used to have three day-festivals. People used to come and stay and cook and sing … But the management of the sugar company, which owned all the land in the area, noticed that a building had been constructed on their property. Though the swampy ground had no commercial or agricultural value, they demanded that Sadhu demolish the temple.That was asking him to commit a sin. No matter what threats they used, all he would say was, “I cannot break down that.”They took the matter to court. Sadhu was fined $500, more than two years’ wages, and was sentenced to 14 days in prison for trespassing. He had to pay the fine in instalments.“He went to jail!” Khan suddenly burst into tears. “Sadhu was such a soft man, and he made an honorable jail rather than break the temple.”The sugar company was granted a court order to demolish the temple. But since they could not persuade any local person to undertake this task, a British overseer named Gunn, “a large red-faced man,” according to Mr Khan, drove the bulldozer that finally wiped Sadhu’s creation from the face of the earth. Some villagers said that Sadhu warned Gunn, “Just as you break that temple with that bulldozer, so you too will be broken.” Others said he just pleaded quietly with the overseer. Whatever the truth, within a month, Gunn was dead. As he was bulldozing a tree some distance away, fell on him and broke his back.In addition, according to Ramnarine Binda, a former local government councillor and sugar company official I later interviewed, the Englishman who had given the order for the demolition died suddenly of disease soon afterwards.As soon as Sadhu was released from prison, said the villagers, he was back at the site of his former temple. He looked dejected, but not broken. He set about purchasing a truck. Then he began to collect damaged bricks from a nearby brick factory. He dumped them on the shore, day after day, load after load, in a straight line out to sea. Flattening them down by hand, he inched his way into the ocean with the truck. After several weeks, he had created an extended walkway into the water.Visitors were intrigued.I used to have two fishing trawlers,” Khan said, “and I used to be at the same spot in the evening waiting for them to come in. I used to watch Sadhu working for three-four hours out there in the sea. He got oil drums from a Unilever factory, filled them up with concrete and tied them together with steel. That was how he made the foundation of the temple.”One day, the tide came up while Sadhu was still working. His truck was trapped in the water and couldn’t be moved until the next morning. It was so badly damaged it couldn’t be repaired.“You would have thought that would stop Sadhu,” said Khan, raising his eyebrows. “But no. He just continued working. He would put two buckets onto the handlebars of his bicycle. In one, he would have cement, in the other, sand. And he would wheel those buckets out along the walkway he had made, day after day. That is how he built that temple. I am talking about one man, not six men. He did that for more than a year.“Sadhu was building, not just a temple, but an entire prayer complex, with three shrines, a kitchen, a dining room, a restroom and another room. Around the whole thing ran a verandah.”Added Binda: “We used to say the sea will wash away everything. Sometimes I used to pass and see him up to his waist in water, building. We all laughed at him, myself included.”But once the project was completed, it became the focus of admiration for visitors from far and wide. Hundreds of people came for days and weeks at a time, especially at Kartik and other important Hindu occasions. The sea rang with music and prayer.“I used to go out to sea with my trawlers,” said Khan. “And from miles away I could see Sadhu’s kootiah, white and beautiful in the distance. You could use it as a guide to go home.”Sadhu, too, finally went home, for his last pilgrimage in India. He died in 1970 of a heart attack. But before that, villagers say, he spent many happy hours in his temple. The fruit of his faith was then left in the hands of the sea, a fact that grieved Waterloo villagers of all faiths and races. Not only Hindus felt strongly about it.“I am a Muslim,” thundered Mr Khan on my visit, “and this is a Hindu business! But it is hurting me to see the destruction. A man made an honorable jail for that temple! You mean to say we can’t keep it up?”Author’s note:Khan got his wish. After I wrote an article on the temple for a local publication, the temple was restored. It is now a major visitors’ site in Trinidad and Sadhu’s memory is cherished by all Trinidadians. Related Items